What is carbon dioxide?

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a greenhouse gas produced by most living organisms, including humans and animals when we exhale. Colourless and odourless in nature, it's essential to plants to aid their growth and development.

As well as being an integral part of everyday life, CO2 is also produced through human activities, such as burning fossil fuels (coal and gas) for energy. In high quantities, it's damaging to the earth due to its warming effect, thus being a major contributor to climate change.

What is hydrogen?

Hydrogen is an invisible, colourless, odourless and non-toxic gas, which is found naturally in the atmosphere and is the most abundant element in the universe.

Unlike fossil fuels, which emit CO2 when burnt, hydrogen only produces water, making it a sustainable alternative for many sectors, such as power, transport and heating. For example, hydrogen has the potential to heat our homes and businesses.

Hydrogen has been used safely for many years in the food, metal, glass and chemical industries. It can also be used in industrial manufacturing, such as in steel and chemical production.

What is carbon capture, usage and storage?

Carbon, capture, usage and storage (CCUS) is a set of technologies that directly capture CO2 emissions from large emitting industrial locations, such as steel and cement production or power plants, before these can reach the atmosphere. The CO2 is then compressed and transported by pipeline or ship.

It can be either used for commercial purposes, for example in the food, medicine and plastic industries, or be stored safely and permanently under the seabed. CCUS is a way to mitigate the contribution of industrial processes to global warming by preventing CO2 being released into the atmosphere.

Is it safe to store?

CCUS technologies are well understood by the industry and have been developed around the world since the 1990s. Once the CO2 is captured, it is then transported and stored in deep geological formations, also known as the saline aquifer, under the sea. The North Sea basin, where the CO2 from the Humber will be stored, is the UK’s largest and most well-understood saline aquifer for carbon storage.

What is an above ground installation (AGI) and where will they be located?

Above ground installations, or AGIs, will be required at intervals along the route.

The proposals will require AGI sites at or near the emitter locations, including pipeline inspection gauges (PIG) trap installations and block valves. Block valves will be required at intervals every 16 to 18 kilometres along the route and a pumping facility will be located near the coast.

AGIs will contain above ground equipment and pipework, essential instruments and one or more small buildings. Each will also have a vehicular access point as well as appropriate planting, screening and fencing.

We will have further details on the AGIs and possible locations at the next stage of consultation later this year.

What happens offshore?

One of the pipelines will transport captured carbon dioxide emissions to a pumping facility near the coast where the pressure of the carbon dioxide will be increased, allowing for efficient transportation to a safe storage site beneath the North Sea. This secure offshore storage is known as the Endurance aquifer, delivered by the Northern Endurance Partnership (NEP) as part of the East Coast Cluster.

> Visit the East Coast Cluster website for more information.

What types of environmental and technical considerations do you take into account?

We have a number of environmental surveys that are being progressed along the proposed route, together with a team of engineers working to plan routes and consider the construction process.  The team of consultants includes a wide range of experts.

What impact will this have on the local areas and the community?

We remain committed to working with local communities to minimise disruption and inconvenience from the project. We are developing a suite of controls to minimise negative impacts wherever practicable.

As part of the later stages of project refinement and design the impacts of the project will be assessed as part of the Environmental Impact Assessment process and reported in the Preliminary Environmental Information Report (PEIR), which will be the subject of statutory consultation.

Why this route?

This route corridor has been selected following our environmental and technical appraisals, alongside feedback we received through the first stage of consultation.

The preferred route corridor provides a connection between the locations of industrial emitters and power stations currently identified.

The selected route corridor includes land through which two pipelines could potentially be constructed, while seeking to avoid sensitive habitats and areas with large populations where practical.

When will you know for sure where the pipeline will be located?

In autumn 2021, we consulted local communities and stakeholders on a number of potential route corridor options, within which the pipelines could be constructed. The feedback received, together with the latest environmental and technical information, has helped us to identify a preferred route corridor for this project.

These are the current plans, based on the industrial emitters and power stations currently proposed as being part of the project. These are subject to change, however, and are dependent on the outcome of the next phase of the Government’s decision-making process, which is running in parallel with our project development.

In October 2021, the government department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) confirmed the East Coast Cluster, which comprises Zero Carbon Humber and Net Zero Teesside, as one of the UK’s first carbon capture, usage and storage (CCUS) clusters for deployment in the mid-2020s. The upcoming BEIS decision on which emitters to take forwards will influence the initial plans for the Humber Low Carbon Pipelines project.

An update from BEIS on this process will be provided from May 2022. Therefore, we expect to provide more certainty on this in the summer.

We will be carrying out continued engagement and consultation throughout 2022 to provide updates and information, and capture feedback as the plans are developed further.

I live on the preferred route corridor. Is it definitely going to be constructed near me or on my land?

These are the current plans based on the industrial emitters and power stations proposed to link to the infrastructure as part of the project. These are subject to change, however, and are dependent on the outcome of the next phase of the Government’s decision-making process, which is running in parallel with our project development.

In October 2021, the government department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) confirmed the East Coast Cluster, which comprises Zero Carbon Humber and Net Zero Teesside, as one of the UK’s first carbon capture, usage and storage (CCUS) clusters for deployment in the mid-2020s. The upcoming BEIS decision on which emitters to take forwards will influence the initial plans for the Humber Low Carbon Pipelines project.

An update from BEIS on this process will be provided from May 2022. Therefore, we expect to provide more certainty on this in the summer.

The pipelines would primarily run through agricultural land and industrial areas where we connect to the industrial locations and will not be routed through private properties or gardens. Some surveys may be required in areas beyond the pipeline corridor for the purpose of gaining a greater understanding of local habitats and how they might be impacted by the project. There is no intention to carry out surveys in private gardens; we will always work with landowners to seek voluntary access for surveys.

I have some comments on the preferred route corridor. Are you accepting feedback?

Although this not a specific consultation period, we always welcome comments from individuals and organisations, so please do give us any feedback or ask any questions you may have.

You can email or write to us via Freepost or contact us via the freephone number.

We will be carrying out further engagement and consultation later this year.

I live outside the preferred route corridor / on an excluded option. Is it definitely not going to be constructed near me?

The excluded previous route corridor options presented in autumn 2021 are shown on the map below for reference.
 


We consulted on a number of potential route corridor options, within which the pipelines could be constructed. The feedback received, together with the latest environmental and technical information, has helped us to identify a preferred route corridor for this project. This is the most probable route corridor based on the current project scope and industrial locations. Based on this, the previous route corridor options have been discounted by National Grid Ventures at this stage.

This is subject to change, however, and is dependent on the outcome of the next phase of the Government’s decision-making process, which is running in parallel with our project development.

In October 2021, the government department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) confirmed the East Coast Cluster, which comprises Zero Carbon Humber and Net Zero Teesside, as one of the UK’s first carbon capture, usage and storage (CCUS) clusters for deployment in the mid-2020s.The upcoming BEIS decision on which emitters to take forward will influence our plans for the Humber Low Carbon Pipelines project.

An update from BEIS on this process will be provided from May 2022. Therefore, we expect to provide more certainty on this in the summer.

What is Zero Carbon Humber?

Zero Carbon Humber (ZCH) brings together major industrial emitters, power stations and others, in a plan to decarbonise the Humber – the UK’s largest industrial cluster.

Our proposed pipeline network will create two underground pipelines – one for carbon dioxide and the other for hydrogen

The pipelines are intended to connect to major industrial emitters and power stations in the Humber region.  

The pipelines will continue to a landfall point on the Holderness coast. The onshore carbon dioxide pipeline will then connect to an offshore pipeline to the Endurance offshore storage location.

What is the East Coast Cluster?

This project is part of the East Coast Cluster.

The East Coast Cluster brings together communities, businesses, industry and academia to deliver the carbon capture and storage (CCS) infrastructure needed to decarbonise the Humber and Teesside regions. It was created by the Northern Endurance Partnership – a partnership between BP, Eni, Equinor, Shell, Total and National Grid – which aims to develop offshore carbon dioxide transportation and storage infrastructure in the North Sea and wider Humber region.

In October 2021, the Government confirmed the East Coast Cluster as one of the two Track-1 clusters chosen for deployment by the mid-2020s. This is great news for the project, and for the Humber and Teesside region more widely.

By deploying CCUS across the Humber and Teesside, the East Coast Cluster aims to create and support an average of 25,000 jobs per year between 2023 and 2050 while removing nearly 50% of all UK Industrial cluster CO2 emissions.

> Read more about the Government’s announcement.

What is an NSIP?

A nationally significant infrastructure project (NSIP) is a major infrastructure project which, due to its size or nature, follows a separate consultation, application and determination process to an ordinary planning application. The application we are preparing is called a Development Consent Order.

The application is examined by the Planning Inspectorate and ultimately determined by the Government. However, local councils and communities have a very important role in helping to inform the evolution of the plans through a process that is set out in the Planning Act 2008 and associated guidance.

Due to its size and length, our pipeline project is automatically classified as an NSIP and therefore has to follow a process specified in the Planning Act 2008 and ultimately be determined by the Government. More information about this process is available on the Planning Inspectorate website.

What happens next?

Our next main stage of consultation is planned for summer 2022. This will be a statutory consultation, where we will have a much wider range of materials and information available.

What other information do you have available?

We have recently published the report from the first stage of public consultation (held in autumn 2021). This Consultation Feedback Report can be downloaded from the website, or requested from the project team using our contact details.

In March 2022, we also published a project brochure providing an update on the project at this stage. Alongside the brochure, we will be making detailed maps available for reference, both on request and via the project website. 

How can I contact the team?

The project websitecontains more information about the project.

You can contact us via email, freepost or freephone:

Email: [email protected]
Freepost: FREEPOST HLCP NATIONAL GRID
Freephone: 0800 860 6255