Carbon, capture, usage and storage (CCUS) is a set of technologies that directly capture carbon dioxide emissions from large emitting industrial locations, such as steel and cement production or power plants, before they can reach the atmosphere. The carbon dioxide is then compressed and transported by pipeline or ship.
It can be either used for commercial purposes, for example in the food, medicine and plastic industries, or be stored safely and permanently under the seabed. CCUS is a way to mitigate the contribution of industrial processes to global warming by preventing carbon dioxide being released into the atmosphere.
Is it safe to store?
CCUS technologies are well understood by the industry and have been developed around the world since the 1990s. Once the carbon dioxide is captured, it is then transported and stored in deep geological formations, also known as saline aquifers, under the sea. The North Sea basin, where the carbon dioxide from the Humber will be stored, is the UK’s largest and most well-understood saline aquifer for carbon storage.